The First Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined a hearing was necessary on defendant’s motion to vacate his conviction based upon ineffective assistance of counsel. Defendant alleged defense counsel overstated the risk of deportation causing defendant to reject a favorable plea offer:
A defense attorney’s performance is deficient as a matter of law where he or she fails to accurately advise a client of the risk of deportation … . Here, defendant complains that his counsel overstated the immigration consequences of accepting an offer of a guilty plea to petit larceny by advising him that it would “definitely” result in deportation, when in fact it would only have rendered him deportable with the possibility of discretionary relief. Thus, defendant asserts that he rejected a favorable plea offer based on erroneous advice that the conviction would result in mandatory deportation.
We find that a hearing is necessary to determine whether counsel inaccurately advised defendant of the risk of deportation and if so, whether defendant was prejudiced by the attorney’s misadvice … . People v Qinghua Ni, 2020 NY Slip Op 03621, First Dept 6-25-20