The First Department determined the repeal of the Emergency or Disaster Treatment Protection Act (EDTPA) in April 2021 was not retroactive. Therefore defendant’s nursing home was immune from suit stemming from plaintiff’s decedent’s death from COVID-19. Although the Act does not confer immunity from gross negligence, gross negligence was not demonstrated because the Department of Health required nursing homes to admit COVID-positive patients:
As to the application of the EDTPA, defendant was entitled to immunity under that statute. The documents submitted with defendant’s motion to dismiss, including several pandemic-related policies, State Department of Health directives, and more than 1600 of pages of the decedent’s medical records, demonstrate that defendant was providing health care services to the decedent under the COVID-19 emergency orders when he was infected and, before that, “in accordance with applicable law”; the care provided was “impacted by” defendant’s “decisions or activities in response to or as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak and in support of the state’s directives”; and the decedent was provided care “in good faith” … . Hasan v Terrace Acquisitions II, LLC, 2024 NY Slip Op 00739, First Dept 2-13-24
Practice Point: This decision includes an extensive discussion of when a statute can be deemed to apply retroactively.