The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined defendant limited liability company’s motion to vacate a default judgment pursuant to CPLR 317 should not have been granted. Defendant had not filed its current address with the Secretary of State since 2011:
Pursuant to CPLR 317, a defaulting defendant who was served with a summons other than by personal delivery may be permitted to defend the action upon a finding by the court that the defendant did not personally receive notice of the summons in time to defend and has a potentially meritorious defense … . Here, the defendant was not entitled to vacatur of its default pursuant to CPLR 317. The record reflects that, since September 2011, the defendant had not filed, with the Secretary of State, the required biennial form that would have apprised the Secretary of State of its current address (see Limited Liability Company Law § 301[e]), thus raising an inference that the defendant deliberately attempted to avoid notice of actions commenced against it … .
“In contrast to a motion pursuant to CPLR 317, on a motion pursuant to CPLR 5015(a)(1), the movant is required to establish a reasonable excuse for his or her default” … . Under the circumstances of this case, the defendant’s failure to keep the Secretary of State apprised of its current address over a significant period of time did not constitute a reasonable excuse … . Bookman v 816 Belmont Realty, LLC, 2020 NY Slip Op 01318, Second Dept 2-26-20