The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined a cause of action should have been dismissed pursuant CPLR 3211 (a) (4) because it involved the same parties and sought the same relief as a pending action. The actions involved common charges for condominiums:
Pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(4), a party may move to dismiss a cause of action on the ground that “there is another action pending between the same parties for the same cause of action in a court of any state or the United States.” “‘It is not necessary that the precise legal theories presented in the first action also be presented in the second action as long as the relief . . . is the same or substantially the same'” … . “‘The critical element is that both suits arise out of the same subject matter or series of alleged wrongs'” … .
We disagree with the Supreme Court’s exercise of its discretion in denying that branch of [the] cross motion which was for relief pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(4). The … [actions] arise out of the same events, and involve overlapping questions of law, namely, the authority of the Board to charge … the increased common charges and assessments. The business judgment rule does not shield a condominium board’s acts of “bad faith and self-dealing” … . … [T]he resolution of [the] causes of action against the Board, which include, among other things, a request for a judgment declaring that the Board’s common charge increases were not valid, may moot the instant action to foreclose upon the common charge liens … . Further, absent relief under CPLR 3211(a)(4), [there would be] duplicative litigation and the prospect of inconsistent results. Board of Mgrs. of the 1835 E. 14th St. Condominium v Singer, 2020 NY Slip Op 05026, Second Dept 9-23-20