The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined the homeowner’s exemption applied to preclude plaintiff’s Labor Law 240(1) and 241(6) causes of action in this ladder-fall case. The Labor Law 200 and negligence causes of action (alleging defendant property-owners’ ladder was defective) properly survived summary judgment. The fact that the property-owner is a religious organization did not affect the applicability of the homeowner’s exemption:
The deposition transcripts of the plaintiff and of the defendant’s employee demonstrated that the defendant did not direct or control the plaintiff’s work. Additionally, the deposition transcript of the defendant’s employee and the affidavit of the defendant’s expert architect demonstrated that the defendant was the owner of a one-family dwelling to which the meditation room [which plaintiff was painting when he fell] was an accessory. Contrary to the plaintiff’s contention, the defendant is entitled to the protections of this exemption even though it is a religious organization … . …
The defendant failed to demonstrate, prima facie, that it lacked notice of the allegedly dangerous or defective condition with respect to the ladder … . Reinoso v Han Ma Um Zen Ctr. of N.Y., Inc., 2022 NY Slip Op 03755, Second Dept 6-8-22
Practice Point: The homeowner’s exemption precludes Labor Law 240(1) and 241(6) causes of action against a homeowner which/who does not direct plaintiff’s work, even if the homeowner is a religious organization. The homeowner’s exemption does not apply to Labor Law 200 or negligence causes of action, here based on allegations the homeowner’s ladder was defective.