The Second Department, reversing the Court of Claims, over an instructive concurrence, determined the claim in this Child Victims Act action sufficiently alleged the “time when” the sexual abuse allegedly occurred:
… [T]he date ranges provided in the claim, together with the other information set forth therein, were sufficient to satisfy the “time when” requirement of Court of Claims Act § 11(b). The claimant alleged, among other things, that “[i]n approximately 1987, when [he] was approximately sixteen (16) years old, [he] was admitted to” a State-operated psychiatric hospital “for inpatient residential treatment,” and that “[while] admitted to the . . . facility” he was “sexually abused and assaulted” by a staff member on two occasions. Additionally, the claimant identified his alleged abuser in the claim and set forth the details of the two alleged assaults, including the location within the facility where they allegedly occurred. The claimant also alleged that, before the second incident of abuse occurred, he reported to his treating psychiatrist, whom the claimant identified by name, that the alleged perpetrator made the claimant “uncomfortable.” “Given that the CVA allows claimants to bring civil actions decades after the alleged sexual abuse occurred, it is not clear how providing exact dates, as opposed to the time periods set forth in the instant claim, would better enable the State to conduct a prompt investigation of the subject claim” … . We note, however, “that our determination that the claimant met the ‘time when’ requirement in the context of this action brought under the CVA does not change our jurisprudence with respect to the ‘time when’ requirement under different contexts, such as where a ‘single incidence of negligence’ occurs on a discrete date or other situations where ‘a series of ongoing acts or omissions occur[ ] on multiple dates over the course of a period of time’ … . Rodriguez v State of New York, 2023 NY Slip Op 04146, Second Dept 8-2-23
Practice Point: Here the allegations the sexual abuse took place in “approximately 1987” were deemed sufficient in this Child Victims Act suit.