The Second Department, remitting the matter to give the defendant the opportunity to move to vacate his guilty plea on the ground he was not aware of the possibility of deportation. The court explained the relevant exception to the preservation requirement:
“Generally, in order to preserve a claim that a guilty plea is invalid, a defendant must move to withdraw the plea on the same grounds subsequently alleged on appeal or else file a motion to vacate the judgment of conviction pursuant to CPL 440.10” … . Thus, as relevant here, a defendant is ordinarily required to preserve the contention that his or her plea of guilty was not knowing, intelligent, and voluntary because the court failed to advise him or her that the plea could expose him or her to the risk of deportation … .
There is, however, a narrow exception to this general rule. Preservation is not required “where a defendant has no practical ability to object to an error in a plea allocution which is clear from the face of the record” … . The exception applies where the defendant is unaware of the possibility of deportation during the plea and sentencing proceedings, and, therefore, has no opportunity (as well as no motivation) to move to withdraw his or her plea based on the court’s failure to apprise him or her of that potential consequence … . A defendant, of course, “can hardly be expected to move to withdraw his [or her] plea on a ground of which he [or she] has no knowledge” … . People v Jones, 2021 NY Slip Op 06701, Second Dept 12-1-21