The Second Department, reversing (modifying) Supreme Court, determined plaintiff in this foreclosure action did not demonstrate she had standing to bring it:
“A plaintiff has standing to maintain a mortgage foreclosure action where it is the holder or assignee of the underlying note at the time the action is commenced” … . The plaintiff can establish standing by attaching a properly endorsed note to the complaint when commencing the action . However, where an endorsement is on an allonge and not on the note itself, the plaintiff must establish that the allonge was “so firmly affixed to the note so as to become a part thereof” as required by UCC 3-202(2) at the time the action was commenced … . “Where there is no allonge or note that is either endorsed in blank or specially endorsed to the plaintiff, mere physical possession of a note at the commencement of a foreclosure action is insufficient to confer standing or to make a plaintiff the lawful holder of a negotiable instrument for the purposes of enforcing the note” … .
Here, the plaintiff failed to establish her status as holder of the note at the time the action was commenced. Although the note was executed in favor of the decedent, the copy of the note attached to the complaint contains two purported endorsements in favor of nonparties, and the plaintiff failed to show that an allonge containing an additional endorsement back to the decedent was firmly affixed to the note … . Thompson v Seay, 2023 NY Slip Op 06072, Second Dept 11-22-23
Practice Point: Where the note and the endorsements do not comply with the requirements of UCC 3-202, plaintiff has not demonstrated standing to bring the foreclosure action.