The Third Department, in a full-fledged opinion by Justice Clark, determined the Albany Local Law governing evictions conflicted with the state Real Property Actions and Proceedings Law and Real Property Law and was therefore preempted by state law. The entire Local Law F section 2 was nullified. Local Law F section 2 added sections 30-324 through 30-331 to the Code of the City of Albany:
We agree with Supreme Court that Local Law F § 2 is preempted by state law. To that end, the Code of the City of Albany § 30-327 requires a landlord seeking to evict a tenant to prove the additional element of “good cause,” which grounds are enumerated in the Code of the City of Albany § 30-328. This additional element contravenes the statutory construction of RPAPL 711, which permits a landlord to seek eviction following the expiration of a tenant’s lease or following a tenant’s default on rent. By adding an element, the Code of the City of Albany §§ 30-327 and 30-328 “prohibit[ ] conduct specifically permitted by State law or impose[ ] restrictions on rights granted by the State”… . Similarly, the Code of the City of Albany §§ 30-327 and 30-328 contradict Real Property Law § 228, as they require a landlord seeking to evict a tenant at will or by sufferance who has provided 30 days’ notice to also establish good cause for the eviction. Further, the Code of the City of Albany § 30-328 interferes with a landlord’s right to increase rent in compliance with Real Property Law § 226-c, as it imposes the additional requirement that a landlord must rebut a presumption that a rent increase of 5% or more is unconscionable. Therefore, despite defendants’ good intentions, the Code of the City of Albany §§ 30-327 and 30-328 impose restrictions on rights granted to landlords by state law and, thus, Supreme Court properly declared those provisions nullified by conflict preemption … . Pusatere v City of Albany, 2023 NY Slip Op 01124, Third Dept 3-2-23
Practice Point: Here an Albany Local Law added restrictions to eviction proceedings and rent increases which are not in the state’s Real Property Actions and Proceedings Law and Real Property Law. The Local Law was therefore preempted by the state law (conflict preemption). Ultimately the entire Local Law was nullified.