The Second Department determined the 21-year delay between the crime (rape) defendant’s arrest did not violate defendant’s right to a speedy trial:
… [T]he People met their burden of demonstrating good cause for the delay … . Nineteen years of the subject delay was due to the lack of connection between the semen sample collected at the time of the rape in 1994 and the defendant’s DNA profile, which was not developed and uploaded to the law enforcement databases until 2013. Once the police were able to identify a viable suspect, they had a good-faith basis to wait until they could locate the victim to arrest the defendant. Furthermore, the detectives’ hearing testimony established that the police made reasonable and diligent efforts to locate the victim, and the defendant was arrested immediately after a detective located and interviewed the victim … . The extent of the delay in prosecution is outweighed by the People’s good cause for the delay, the nature of the crime, the fact that there was no period of pretrial incarceration during the period at issue, and the lack of any prejudice from the delay identified by the defendant. We are satisfied that the defendant was not deprived of his due process right to prompt prosecution … . People v Gardner, 2022 NY Slip Op 02816, Second Dept 4-27-22
Practice Point: The 21-year delay between the crime and defendant’s arrest in this rape case was adequately explained. The DNA sample was not connected to a person until nearly 20 years after the rape and the victim was not located until a year or so after that.