The Fourth Department, in finding the street stop of defendant was justified, provided a useful, detailed discussion of the facts and the law (too detailed to summarize here):
… [W]e agree with the People that the officer had at least the requisite founded suspicion that criminal activity was afoot, and thus that his initial approach of defendant was proper under level two.
When defendant then immediately fled, the officer pursued him, which was a level three intrusion requiring reasonable suspicion that defendant had committed or was committing a crime. “In determining whether a pursuit was justified by reasonable suspicion, the emphasis should not be narrowly focused on . . . any . . . single factor, but [rather should be based] on an evaluation of the totality of circumstances, which takes into account the realities of everyday life unfolding before a trained officer” … . We also note that, although “flight alone is insufficient to justify pursuit, defendant’s flight in response to an approach by the police, combined with other specific circumstances indicating that the suspect may be engaged in criminal activity, may give rise to reasonable suspicion, the necessary predicate for police pursuit’ ” … . Here, we agree with the People that the specific information known to the officer, coupled with the officer’s observations of defendant’s actions, furtive behavior, and immediate flight, gave the officer reasonable suspicion to believe that defendant was engaged in criminal activity, thereby justifying the officer’s pursuit, detainment, and search of defendant. People v Jones, 2017 NY Slip Op 07808, Fourth Dept 11-9-17
CRIMINAL LAW (STREET STOP JUSTIFIED, FACTS AND LAW EXPLAINED IN DETAIL (FOURTH DEPT))/STREET STOPS (CRIMINAL LAW, STREET STOP JUSTIFIED, FACTS AND LAW EXPLAINED IN DETAIL (FOURTH DEPT))