The Fourth Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined defendant school district did not demonstrate the applicability of the storm-in-progress rule in this slip and fall case:
… [D]efendants did not meet their initial burden of establishing that plaintiff’s injuries were the result of “an icy condition occurring during an ongoing storm or for a reasonable time thereafter” … . Although defendants submitted an affidavit from a meteorologic expert, Doppler radar data, and deposition testimony establishing that it had been snowing and icy on the date of the accident from the early morning hours through 3:00 p.m., the time plaintiff fell, defendants also submitted conflicting evidence regarding how much snow actually accumulated in the area of the middle school. Defendants’ expert never set forth, by opinion or otherwise, any specific amount of snowfall in the Town of Yorkshire on the date of plaintiff’s fall. … Thus, defendants’ own submissions raised a question of fact whether there was a storm in progress at the time of the fall.
Even assuming, arguendo, that defendants met their initial burden, plaintiff raised an issue of fact whether the ice upon which she fell preexisted the weather event … . Plaintiff submitted the affidavit of an expert meteorologist who averred that a thaw in the days prior to the accident, followed by a drop in temperatures from the night before into the morning hours of the accident, would account for the formation of the ice. Plaintiff also submitted deposition testimony establishing that there had been thick ice in the parking lot since the day before the accident, and that defendants’ groundskeeper had plowed down to the ice … . We also conclude that plaintiff raised an issue of fact whether defendants had constructive notice of the condition … . Ayers v Pioneer Cent. Sch. Dist., 2020 NY Slip Op 05622, Fourth Dept 10-9-20