The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court in this slip and fall case, determined that the facts alleged, a shower-stall floor that was slippery when wet, and the absence of a grab bar in the shower, did not state a cause of action for negligence because the allegations did not describe a duty owed to plaintiff:
… [T]he complaint alleged as defects that the shower floor was slippery and there were no grab bars in the shower stall where Royanne Weiss alleged she slipped and fell. However, there is no common-law or statutory requirement imposing a duty upon the defendants to provide nonslip surfacing or grab bars in a shower or shower stall … . Nor is there a duty to install such devices where the shower and shower stall were not alleged to be defective or hazardous for ordinary use . Accordingly, the Supreme Court should have granted dismissal of the cause of action alleging common-law negligence pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(7). Weiss v Vacca, 2023 NY Slip Op 04613, Second Dept 9-13-23
Practice Point: Instead of describing the slippery floor of the shower stall and the absence of a grab bar as open and obvious conditions which do not give rise to liability, the Second Department held that the property owner did not have a duty to provide a non-slip floor or a grab bar in the shower stall.