The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined the bank in this foreclosure action did not demonstrate compliance with the notice-of-default mailing requirements of RPAPL 1304:
“RPAPL 1304(1) provides that, ‘at least ninety days before a lender, an assignee or a mortgage loan servicer commences legal action against the borrower . . . , including mortgage foreclosure, such lender, assignee or mortgage loan servicer shall give notice to the borrower.’ The statute further provides the required content for the notice and provides that the notice must be sent by registered or certified mail and also by first-class mail to the last known address of the borrower” ( … see RPAPL 1304). “Proper service of RPAPL 1304 notice on the borrower or borrowers is a condition precedent to the commencement of a foreclosure action, and the plaintiff has the burden of establishing satisfaction of this condition” … . …
… [T]he plaintiff failed to demonstrate, prima facie, that it strictly complied with the mailing requirements of RPAPL 1304. The affidavit of Daniel Delpesche, a contract management coordinator for the plaintiff’s attorney-in-fact, Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC …, did not make the requisite showing that Delpesche was familiar with Ocwen’s mailing practices and procedures, and “therefore did not establish proof of a standard office practice and procedure designed to ensure that items are properly addressed and mailed” … . HSBC Bank USA, N.A. v Martin, 2022 NY Slip Op 06471, Second Dept 11-16-22
Practice Point: If the affidavit submitted by the bank in a foreclosure action to prove the notice of default was mailed in accordance with RPAPL 1304 does not state that affiant is familiar with the relevant entity’s mailing procedures the bank’s motion for summary judgment must be denied.