The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined the municipality did not demonstrate it did not create the icy condition on the sidewalk where plaintiff slipped and fell by piling snow along the sidewalk which melted and froze:
“While the mere failure to remove all snow or ice from a sidewalk is an act of omission, rather than an affirmative act of negligence, a municipality’s act in piling snow as part of its snow removal efforts, which snow pile then melts and refreezes to create a dangerous icy condition, constitutes an affirmative act excepting the dangerous condition from the prior written notice requirement” … . Pirrone v Metro N. Commuter R.R., 2022 NY Slip Op 02144, Second Dept 3-30-22
Practice Point: Here the municipality did not prove it did not create the icy-sidewalk condition by piling snow removed from the sidewalk along the edge of the sidewalk where it melted and froze. Therefore, even though the municipality did not have written notice of the icy condition, there was a question of fact whether the municipality created the condition. The municipality’s motion for summary judgment should not have been granted.