The Second Department determined the one page document purporting to be a contract to sell two properties to defendant did not satisfy the statute of frauds. Therefore plaintiff’s action for specific performance was properly dismissed:
In a real estate transaction, the essential terms of a contract typically include the purchase price, the time and terms of payment, the required financing, the closing date, the quality of title to be conveyed, the risk of loss during the sale period, and adjustments for taxes and utilities … . “[W]here a contract’s material terms are not reasonably definite, the contract is unenforceable” … .
Here, the defendant demonstrated her prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law dismissing the complaint on the basis that the agreement did not satisfy the statute of frauds. The agreement did not state all of the essential terms, including allocation of the price between the two properties, whether one property could be sold without the other, the terms of payment, and the risk of loss during the sale period, and did not mention the adjustments for taxes and utilities which would customarily be included in a transaction of this nature … . In addition, the agreement did not include the necessary parties because not all of the owners of the properties executed the agreement … . 443 Jefferson Holdings, LLC v Sosa, 2019 NY Slip Op 05376, Second Dept 7-3-19