The Fourth Department, reversing County Court’s granting of defendant’s CPL 330.30 (1) motion to set aside the jury verdict, determined the motion was improperly based upon matters outside the record. A CPL 330.30 (1) motion must be based upon issues which can be raised on appeal:
Pursuant to CPL 330.30 (1), following the issuance of a verdict and before sentencing a court may set aside a verdict on “[a]ny ground appearing in the record which, if raised upon an appeal from a prospective judgment of conviction, would require a reversal or modification of the judgment as a matter of law by an appellate court.” Defendant’s motion to set aside the verdict pursuant to CPL 330.30 (1) was procedurally improper because it was “premised on matters outside the existing trial record, and CPL 330.30 (1) did not permit defendant to expand the record to include matters that did not ‘appear[ ] in the record’ prior to the filing of the motion” … . We therefore reverse the order, deny the motion, and reinstate the verdict inasmuch as defendant’s claim was not reviewable pursuant to CPL 330.30 (1) … . People v Allen, 2022 NY Slip Op 05647, Fourth Dept 10-7-22
Practice Point: A motion to set aside a jury verdict pursuant to CPL 330.30 (1) must be based upon matters which are in the record; i.e., issues which can be raised on appeal. Here the motion was based on matters outside the record and should have been denied on that ground.