The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined defendant was entitled to a hearing on his motion to vacate his conviction by guilty plea on ineffective assistance ground. Defendant alleged counsel was ineffective (1) for failing to inform him deportation would be mandatory and (2) for not negotiating a plea to an offense which would not mandate deportation:
… [T]he defendant’s contention that his counsel misadvised him as to the immigration consequences of his plea of guilty is not contradicted by the record, and is arguably supported by the representations made by counsel on the record … , which suggest that counsel did not realize that the defenses to deportation which the defendant might have raised in immigration court would be barred by his plea. In any event, the record does not support a conclusion that there is “no reasonable possibility” that the defendant’s allegations are true (CPL 440.30[d] …). Furthermore, the defendant’s averments, including that he has resided in the United States since he was 16 years old, and that he had a child when he entered his plea of guilty, sufficiently demonstrate the existence of a question of fact as to whether it was reasonably probable that the defendant would not have entered a plea of guilty if he had been correctly advised of the deportation consequences of the plea … .
… [T]he defendant was entitled to a hearing on his contention that he was denied the effective assistance of counsel based upon his counsel’s failure to attempt to negotiate a more favorable plea. The defendant’s allegation that the People offered another plea which would not have constituted an aggravated felony under federal immigration law demonstrated “a reasonable possibility that his plea counsel could have secured a plea deal with less severe immigration consequences” … . People v Alexander, 2022 NY Slip Op 05215, Second Dept 9-21-22
Practice Point: Here defendant was entitled to a hearing on whether his attorney was ineffective for (1) failing to inform him deportation was mandatory for the offense to which he pled guilty and (2) failing to negotiate a plea to an offense which did not mandate deportation.