The Second Department determined that the common carrier’s motion for summary judgment in this personal injury case should have been granted. Plaintiff alleged injury caused when defendant’s van hit an expansion joint in the highway:
“To establish a prima facie case of negligence against a common carrier for injuries sustained by a passenger as a result of the movement of the vehicle, the plaintiff must establish that the movement consisted of a jerk or lurch that was unusual [and] violent” … . There must be evidence that the movement of the vehicle was “of a different class than the jerks and jolts commonly experienced in city bus travel,'” and, therefore, attributable to the negligence of defendant … .
Here, the defendant established its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law through its submission of the deposition testimony of the plaintiff, who testified that the van in which he was a passenger was constantly jostled up and down, and that when the van hit one of the expansion joints in the highway, he heard something in his neck snap. The plaintiff admitted that his body was not physically moving up and down, and that the bumps and jolts of the van were only putting pressure on his lower back. Thus, the evidence established that the movement of the van at issue was not unusual and violent … . Petrie v Golden Touch Transp. of NY, Inc., 2019 NY Slip Op 04431, Second Dept 6-5-19