The First Department determined defendant restaurant’s summary judgment motion in this slip and fall case was properly granted. The restaurant demonstrated the floor had been inspected ten minutes before plaintiff fell and the floor had been cleaned the night before:
Defendants established prima facie that they neither created the dangerous condition nor had actual or constructive notice of its existence for a sufficient length of time to discover and remedy it … . Among other things, defendants’ manager received no complaints concerning the floor and saw nothing on the floor when he inspected in the morning or later, around ten minutes before plaintiff fell … . The evidence that neither plaintiff nor defendants’ employees saw the slippery substance on the floor until after plaintiff fell demonstrates that it was not sufficiently visible and apparent to charge defendants with constructive notice … .
Furthermore, testimony by defendant’s manager that the porter cleaned the restaurant floor every night with a solution of water and vinegar is sufficient to establish a lack of constructive notice … .
In opposition, plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact. Plaintiff’s speculation that her fall could have been caused by the porter’s use of a vinegar and water mixture to clean the floors is insufficient to sustain a cause of action … . The wet or greasy substance on the floor of a busy restaurant was a transient condition that could have appeared at any point after the porter finished cleaning the floors in the morning … . Valenta v Spring St. Natural, 2019 NY Slip Op 04118, First Dept 5-28-19