The Second Department determined the evidence of physical injury was not sufficient to support robbery in the second degree and reduced defendant's conviction to robbery third degree:
“Physical injury” is defined as “impairment of physical condition or substantial pain” (Penal Law § 10.00). “Although the question of whether physical injury has been established is generally for the jury to decide, there is an objective level . . . below which the question is one of law'” … .
The subject incident occurred as the complainant, a doctor, was on her way to work at Brooklyn Hospital. The complainant testified that during the incident the defendant and another man shoved her and pulled her to the ground, then took her purse. After the incident, the complainant “collected [herself]” and then resumed walking to the hospital. The complainant testified that she sustained a laceration and a welt on the back of her head, scratches and bruises on her elbow, and other bruises. At the hospital, she was given painkillers, ice, and bandages. The complainant was not able to work for the rest of that day, but returned to work the next day. She testified that she was “sore for several days.” Under these circumstances, there was insufficient evidence from which a jury could infer that the complainant suffered substantial pain or impairment of her physical condition … . People v Stokes, 2016 NY Slip Op 04245, 2nd Dept 6-1-16
CRIMINAL LAW (EVIDENCE OF PHYSICAL INJURY NOT SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT ROBBERY IN THE SECOND DEGREE)/ROBBERY (EVIDENCE OF PHYSICAL INJURY NOT SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT ROBBERY IN THE SECOND DEGREE)/PHYSICAL INJURY (ROBBERY SECOND DEGREE, EVIDENCE OF PHYSICAL INJURY NOT SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT ROBBERY IN THE SECOND DEGREE)