The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined plaintiff golfer assumed the risk of slipping on a wet railroad tie which lined a path on the golf course:
Among the risks inherent in participating in a sport are the risks involved in the construction of the field, and any open and obvious conditions of the place where the sport is played … .
“[A]wareness of risk is not to be determined in a vacuum. It is, rather, to be assessed against the background of the skill and experience of the particular plaintiff” … . Moreover, “[i]t is not necessary to the application of assumption of risk that the injured plaintiff [had] foreseen the exact manner in which his or her injury occurred, so long as he or she is aware of the potential for injury of the mechanism from which the injury results” … . While participants are not deemed to have assumed the risks of concealed or unreasonably increased risks … , if “the risks are fully comprehended or obvious and the plaintiff has consented to them, the defendant has satisfied its only duty of care which is to make the conditions as safe as they appear to be” … . Bryant v Town of Brookhaven, 2016 NY Slip Op 00323, 2nd Dept 1-20-16
NEGLIGENCE (GOLFER ASSUMED RISK OF SLIPPING ON GOLF COURSE PATH)/ASSUMPTION OF RISK (GOLFER ASSUMED RISK OF SLIPPING ON GOLF COURS PATH)