Criteria for Negligent Care of a Child by a Nonparent Explained—Effect on Proof Requirements of Amnesia Suffered by the Injured Party Noted
In concluding summary judgment dismissing the complaint was proper, the Second Department explained the criteria for negligent care of a child by a nonparent and noted the effect of amnesia suffered by the injured party on the plaintiff’s proof requirements:
“A person, other than a parent, who undertakes to control, care for, or supervise an infant, is required to use reasonable care to protect the infant over whom he or she has assumed temporary custody or control. Such a person may be liable for any injury sustained by the infant which was proximately caused by his or her negligence. While a person caring for entrusted children is not cast in the role of an insurer, such an individual is obliged to provide adequate supervision and may be held liable for foreseeable injuries proximately resulting from the negligent failure to do so” … . Here, in support of her motion for summary judgment, the defendant Joanne Williams submitted evidence sufficient to establish, prima facie, that under the circumstances, she adequately supervised the infant plaintiff … .
In opposition, the plaintiffs failed to raise a triable issue of fact. Although the plaintiffs contend that the infant plaintiff suffered from amnesia as a result of the subject accident and, thus, they are not held to as high of a degree of proof …, the plaintiffs are not relieved of the obligation to provide some proof from which negligence can reasonably be inferred … . Alotta v Diaz, 2015 NY Slip Op 05899, 2nd Dept 7-8-15