“Wheel Stop” Is Open and Obvious
The First Department determined a “wheel stop” in a parking lot, over which plaintiff tripped, was open and obvious:
Defendants established their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law in this action where plaintiff was injured when she tripped and fell over a wheel stop in defendants’ parking lot in the early evening. Defendants submitted evidence showing that the wheel stop was an open and obvious condition and not inherently dangerous … . The evidence demonstrated that the wheel stop’s placement had been approved by the local zoning board, the parking lot lights had been set to turn on at 4:00 p.m., the lights were inspected daily and found to be in good condition on the following day, and there had been no prior complaints about the wheel stop or inadequate lighting.
In opposition, plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact. Her claim that an optical illusion created by inadequate lighting made the wheel stop less visible is insufficient to raise a triable issue of fact, as her testimony established that she was looking toward her car at the time of the accident … . Moreover, a photograph marked at her deposition reveals that the portion of the curb on which plaintiff allegedly tripped was near a light post … . Plaintiff’s affidavit in which she claimed to have been unable to see the surface of the parking lot and wheel stop directly contradicts her earlier testimony and raises only a feigned issue of fact … . Abraido v 2001 Marcus Ave., LLC, 2015 NY Slip Op 02204, 1st Dept 3-19-15