The Fourth Department, reversing (modifying) Supreme Court, dismissed the action against the city in this slip and fall case. There was a question whether the city repair to the street deteriorated over a period of a year or more. But in order to be liable for creating a dangerous condition, the defect must be the “immediate result” of the work done:
Plaintiffs failed to raise “a triable issue of fact concerning the applicability of [an] exception to the prior written notice requirement, i.e., whether the City created the allegedly dangerous condition through an affirmative act of negligence” … . The exception is limited to work by the City that immediately results in the existence of a dangerous condition. Although the record supports the inference that the City may have created a dangerous condition by failing to replace a temporary cold patch with a permanent repair, the resulting allegedly dangerous condition here developed over a period greater than a year and did not “immediately result” from the City’s work … . Graham v City of Syracuse, 2024 NY Slip Op 00710, Fourth Dept 2-9-24
Practice Point: In a slip and fall case, in order for a city to be liable for creating the dangerous condition, the defect must be the “immediate result” of the work done by the city. Here the work was done more than a year before and the defect developed gradually over time. The city was not liable.