The Fourth Department, vacating defendant’s sentence, determined the judge should have granted defendant’s request for a hearing before sentencing defendant as a persistent violent felony offender. There had been no determination whether the criteria for sentencing as a persistent violent felony offender (at least two sentences for violent felonies within the last 10 years) had been met:
Although defendant admitted at sentencing that he had been convicted of the prior violent felony offenses alleged in the People’s persistent violent felony offender statement, defendant did not concede that he had been sentenced on at least two of those violent felonies within 10 years prior to the commission of the instant offense, and the People’s statement did not set forth the commencement date, termination date, and place of imprisonment for each period of incarceration to be used for tolling of the ten-year limitation as required by CPL 400.15 (2). Moreover, as the People correctly concede, the record does not include a specific finding by the court regarding whether there was sufficient incarceration tolling for defendant’s prior violent felony convictions to count as predicate convictions. People v Scott, 2023 NY Slip Op 05900, Fourth Dept 11-17-23
Practice Point: Here defendant’s request for a hearing to determine whether the criteria for sentencing him as a persistent violent felony offender should have been granted.