The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined the village was not liable for plaintiff’s riding her bike off an elevated boardwalk. The condition (the elevated boardwalk) was deemed “open and obvious;”
A landowner has a duty to maintain its premises in a reasonably safe manner … . However, there is no duty to protect or warn against conditions that are open and obvious and not inherently dangerous … . “[T]o obtain summary judgment, a defendant must establish that a condition was both open and obvious and, as a matter of law, was not inherently dangerous” … .
Here, the evidence submitted by the Village in support of its motion, including a transcript of the plaintiff’s deposition testimony and photographs of the accident site, demonstrated, prima facie, that the condition of the elevated boardwalk was both open and obvious, and not inherently dangerous. The plaintiff’s testimony established, inter alia, that she was aware of the condition of the boardwalk, including that it was elevated, and that she had ridden her bicycle along the boardwalk without incident shortly prior to her accident … . Ferruzzi v Village of Saltaire, 2023 NY Slip Op 04578, Second Dept 9-13-23
Practice Point: Here the plaintiff, after riding her bike on an elevated boardwalk (no guardrails) for a while, rode off the boardwalk and was injured. The elevated boardwalk was deemed open and obvious and not inherently dangerous.