The Second Department, reversing (modifying) Supreme Court, determined plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment in this intersection traffic accident case should have been granted. Plaintiff was a passenger in a taxi cab when the cab collided with the Katz-defendants’ vehicle which was making a left turn in front of the cab:
“Pursuant to Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1141, ‘[t]he operator of a vehicle intending to turn left within an intersection must yield the right-of-way to any oncoming vehicle that is within the intersection or so close to it as to constitute an immediate hazard'” … . “A violation of this statute constitutes negligence per se” … . Here, the evidence submitted by the plaintiff in support of her motion, which included the deposition testimony of Gabriel Katz as to the happening of the accident, established, prima facie, that Gabriel Katz was negligent in making a left turn when it was not safe for him to do so in violation of Vehicle and Traffic Law §§ 1141 and 1163, and that his negligence was a proximate cause of the collision … . While there are some discrepancies between the deposition testimony of the plaintiff and Gabriel Katz as to the relative position of the vehicles at the time of the impact, even under Gabriel Katz’s account, he was “negligent in attempting to make a left turn when the turn could not be made with reasonable safety” … . In opposition, the Katz defendants failed to raise a triable issue of fact. Contrary to their contention, the evidence did not support the possible applicability of the emergency doctrine under the circumstances … . Lindo v Katz, 2022 NY Slip Op 03379, Second Dept 5-25-22
Practice Point: A left turn in violation of Vehicle and Traffic Law 1141 is negligence per se.