The Second Department determined the Labor Law 200 and common-law negligence causes of action properly survived summary judgment. The Second Department noted the court should not have, sua sponte, denied appellants’ motion on the ground the deposition transcripts were inadmissible because that issue was not raised. Plaintiff was working in the bottom of a hole which was muddy from heavy rain and littered with boulders and rocks. Plaintiff was injured when he allegedly slipped and fell because of the mud. The Second Department held that the causes of action were based upon a dangerous condition, not the method and manner of work, and the appellants did not demonstrate they lacked actual or constructive notice of the condition:
Labor Law § 200 is a codification of the common-law duty imposed on owners, contractors, and their agents to provide workers with a safe place to work … . There are “two broad categories of actions that implicate the provisions of Labor Law § 200” … . The first category involves worker injuries arising out of alleged dangerous or defective conditions on the premises where the work is performed … . In those circumstances, “[f]or liability to be imposed on the property owner, there must be evidence showing that the property owner either created a dangerous or defective condition, or had actual or constructive notice of it without remedying it within a reasonable time” … . The second category of actions under Labor Law § 200 involves injuries arising from the method and manner of the work … . A property owner will be held liable under this category only if it possessed the authority to supervise or control the means and methods of the work … .
Contrary to the appellants’ contention, the plaintiff’s accident arose from a dangerous premises condition, not from the method and manner of the work. Where a plaintiff alleges that he or she was injured at a work site as a result of a dangerous premises condition, a property owner’s liability under Labor Law § 200 and for common-law negligence rests upon whether the property owner created the condition, or had actual or constructive notice of it and a reasonable amount of time within which to correct the condition … . Modugno v Bovis Lend Lease Interiors, Inc., 2020 NY Slip Op 03508, Second Dept 6-24-20