The First Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined that installment payments due prior to six years before the action on the notes could not be recovered despite the allegation that the debt had been accelerated:
Acceleration causes those future installment payments that are not yet due and payable to become immediately due and payable. It enables a lender to advance the due date for the future installment payments and thus, the statute of limitations runs on the balance of the debt … . It does not change the due date of those past due installment payments to that of the date of acceleration … .
Accordingly, plaintiffs demonstrated, prima facie, that defendant breached each of the notes by submitting evidence of the duly executed notes and defendant’s failure to make payments in accordance with their payment terms … . Defendant, however, demonstrated prima facie, that the unpaid installment payments due prior to June 1, 2012 were time-barred. Cannell v Grail Partners, LLC, 2020 NY Slip Op 00973, First Dept 2-11-20