The Second Department determined the defendant was not informed of the deportation consequences of his guilty plea and therefore did not have the opportunity to move to withdraw his plea. Therefore a narrow exception to the preservation requirement applies and the matter was remitted to allow defendant to make the motion:
… [A] narrow exception to the preservation requirement exists “in rare cases where the defendant lacks a reasonable opportunity to object to a fundamental defect in the plea which is clear on the face of the record and to which the court’s attention should have been instantly drawn,’ such that the salutary purpose of the preservation rule is . . . not jeopardized'” … .
In this case, the exception applies. At the plea proceeding, the court merely asked defense counsel if he had discussed with the defendant the potential “immigration consequences” of pleading guilty. Defense counsel responded: “He is here on a Green Card. We have discussed the immigration consequences.” Furthermore, the People’s contention that the written appeal waiver form demonstrates that the defendant was aware of the possibility of deportation prior to the imposition of the sentence is without merit … . Inasmuch as the record does not demonstrate either that the Supreme Court mentioned, or that the defendant was otherwise aware of, the possibility of deportation, the defendant had “no practical ability” to object to the court’s statement or to otherwise tell the court, if he chose, that he would not have pleaded guilty if he had known about the possibility of deportation … . People v Mohamed, 2019 NY Slip Op 02557, Second Dept 4-3-19