The Fourth Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined that an action brought by an eight year old student against the school district should not have been dismissed. It was alleged the student missed his bus and was told to walk home (two miles away). The student was hit by a car. The court noted that the school district is not off the hook simply because the injury did not occur on school property:
“[A]lthough a school district’s duty of care toward a student generally ends when it relinquishes custody of the student, the duty continues when the student is released into a potentially hazardous situation, particularly when the hazard is partly of the school district’s own making” … . “Thus, while a school has no duty to prevent injury to schoolchildren released in a safe and anticipated manner, the school breaches a duty when it releases a child without further supervision into a foreseeably hazardous setting it had a hand in creating” … . Contrary to defendants’ contention and the court’s holding, [precedent] does not limit a school’s liability to injuries that occur near school grounds. Rather, a “school district’s duty of care requires continued exercise of control and supervision in the event that release of the child poses a foreseeable risk of harm,” irrespective of the physical distance between the school and the location of the reasonably foreseeable risk … .
Here, plaintiff raised a triable issue of fact concerning whether defendants, in violation of their own policies and procedures, released the child into a “foreseeably hazardous setting” partly of their own making and thereby breached their duty of care … . Deng v Young, 2018 NY Slip Op 05414, Fourth Dept 7-25-18
NEGLIGENCE (EDUCATION-SCHOOL LAW, EIGHT YEAR OLD STUDENT MISSED HIS BUS AND WAS ALLEGEDLY TOLD BY A SCHOOL EMPLOYEE TO WALK HOME, THE STUDENT WAS STRUCK BY A CAR ON HIS WAY HOME, THE NEGLIGENT SUPERVISION COMPLAINT AGAINST THE SCHOOL DISTRICT SHOULD NOT HAVE BEEN DISMISSED (FOURTH DEPT))/EDUCATION-SCHOOL LAW (NEGLIGENCE, EDUCATION-SCHOOL LAW, EIGHT YEAR OLD STUDENT MISSED HIS BUS AND WAS ALLEGEDLY TOLD BY A SCHOOL EMPLOYEE TO WALK HOME, THE STUDENT WAS STRUCK BY A CAR ON HIS WAY HOME, THE NEGLIGENT SUPERVISION COMPLAINT AGAINST THE SCHOOL DISTRICT SHOULD NOT HAVE BEEN DISMISSED (FOURTH DEPT))