The First Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined plaintiff, who fell from an unsecured ladder, was entitled to summary judgment on his Labor Law 240(1) claim. The court further found there was an issue of fact on plaintiff’s Labor law 241(6) claim because of evidence the ladder slipped on a wet floor:
Plaintiff established prima facie a violation of Labor Law § 240(1) through his testimony that he was caused to fall when the unsecured ladder on which he was standing suddenly slipped out from under him … .
In opposition, defendant failed to raise an issue of fact as to whether plaintiff was the sole proximate cause of the accident. There is no evidence in the record that there were other readily available safety devices that would have been adequate for plaintiff’s work … . In addition, defendant’s expert’s opinion that the accident was caused by plaintiff’s misuse of the ladder was entirely speculative, since it was based on his visit to the accident site almost two years after the accident occurred … .
Defendant also failed to show that plaintiff disregarded specific instructions not to use the ladder or do the work he was performing at the time of the accident … . Plaintiff’s coworker’s deposition testimony establishes that plaintiff was not given any such instructions before he ascended the ladder. The coworker’s subsequent affidavit, which conflicts with his deposition testimony on this issue, creates only a feigned issue of fact … .
Summary dismissal of the Labor Law § 241(6) claim predicated on an alleged violation of Industrial Code (12 NYCRR) § 23-1.21(b)(4)(ii) is precluded by an issue of fact as to whether the accident was caused by a wet condition of the floor at the time that the ladder slipped out from underneath plaintiff … . Tuzzolino v Consolidated Edison Co. of N.Y., 2018 NY Slip Op 02755, First Dept 4-24-18
LABOR LAW-CONSTRUCTION LAW (PLAINTIFF, WHO FELL FROM AN UNSECURED LADDER, WAS ENTITLED TO SUMMARY JUDGMENT ON HIS LABOR LAW 240(1) CLAIM, THERE WAS A QUESTION OF FACT ON THE LABOR LAW 241(6) CAUSE OF ACTION WHICH ALLEGED THE LADDER SLIPPED ON A WET FLOOR (FIRST DEPT))/LADDERS (LABOR LAW-CONSTRUCTION LAW, PLAINTIFF, WHO FELL FROM AN UNSECURED LADDER, WAS ENTITLED TO SUMMARY JUDGMENT ON HIS LABOR LAW 240(1) CLAIM, THERE WAS A QUESTION OF FACT ON THE LABOR LAW 241(6) CAUSE OF ACTION WHICH ALLEGED THE LADDER SLIPPED ON A WET FLOOR (FIRST DEPT))