Question of Fact Whether City Created Hazardous Condition
The Second Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined there was a question of fact whether the city created the allegedly hazardous condition (an expansion joint cover plate on a bridge which was struck by plaintiff’s bicycle):
Generally, the issue of whether a dangerous or defective condition exists depends on the facts of each case and is a question of fact for the jury … . In addition, “[a] municipality that has adopted a prior written notice law’ cannot be held liable for a defect within the scope of the law absent the requisite written notice, unless an exception to the requirement applies” … . The only recognized exceptions to the statutory prior written notice requirement involve situations in which the municipality created the defect or hazard through an affirmative act of negligence, or where a special use confers a benefit upon the municipality … .
Here, the City failed to establish, prima facie, that the subject metal expansion joint cover plate did not present a hazardous or defective condition … . Although the plaintiff does not dispute that the City did not have prior written notice of the alleged hazardous or defective condition, a triable issue of fact exists as to whether the City created the alleged hazardous or defective condition … . Oser v City of New York, 2015 NY Slip Op 08393, 2nd Dept 11-18-15