The Fourth Department determined plaintiff, a varsity hockey player, had assumed the risk of having his bare foot stepped on in the locker room by a player who was still wearing his hockey skates:
“The assumption of risk doctrine applies where a consenting participant in sporting and amusement activities is aware of the risks; has an appreciation of the nature of the risks; and voluntarily assumes the risks’ ” … . By engaging in such an activity, a participant “consents to those commonly appreciated risks which are inherent in and arise out of the nature of the sport generally and flow from such participation” … . “The question of whether the consent was an informed one includes consideration of the participant’s knowledge and experience in the activity generally” … .
Initially, we reject plaintiff’s contention that assumption of the risk does not apply because he was no longer playing hockey at the time of his injury. It is undisputed that the accident “occurred in a designated athletic or recreational venue” and that the activity at issue “was sponsored or otherwise supported by the [school district] defendant[s]” … “[T]he assumption [of risk] doctrine applies to any facet of the activity inherent in it” … . * * *
“As a general rule, participants properly may be held to have consented, by their participation, to those injury-causing events which are known, apparent or reasonably foreseeable consequences of the participation” … . “[A]wareness of risk is not to be determined in a vacuum [but] . . . is, rather, to be assessed against the background of the skill and experience of the particular plaintiff” … . “[I]t is not necessary to the application of assumption of risk that the injured plaintiff have foreseen the exact manner in which his or her injury occurred, so long as he or she is aware of the potential for injury of the mechanism from which the injury results” … . Litz v Clinton Cent. Sch. Dist., 2015 NY Slip Op 02239, 4th Dept 3-20-15