In a slip and fall case, the Second Department reversed Supreme Court and dismissed the complaint, finding the defect “trivial:”
Generally, the issue of whether a dangerous or defective condition exists depends on the facts of each case, and is a question of fact for the jury … . However, property owners may not be held liable for trivial defects, not constituting a trap or nuisance, over which a pedestrian might merely stumble, stub his or her toes, or trip … . There is no “minimal dimension test or per se rule” that the condition must be of a certain height or depth to be actionable … . In determining whether a defect is trivial as a matter of law, the court must examine all of the facts presented, “including the width, depth, elevation, irregularity and appearance of the defect along with the time, place and circumstance’ of the injury” … . “Photographs which fairly and accurately represent the accident site may be used to establish that a defect is trivial and not actionable” .. .
Here, the defendants established their prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by submitting, inter alia, the plaintiff’s deposition testimony, as well as the photographs of the subject step, which the plaintiff admitted fairly and accurately depicted the step and the “clump” that allegedly caused her to trip and fall. The evidence, and in particular the photographs, established that the alleged defect was trivial as a matter of law and did not possess the characteristics of a trap or nuisance, and, therefore, was not actionable … . Adler v QPI-VIII. LLC, 2015 NY Slip OP 00320, 2nd Dept 1-14-15