The First Department, reversing Supreme Court, determined there were triable issues of fact concerning whether corrections officers breached a duty to protect the decedent, an inmate at Rikers Island, by failing to respond to decedent’s medical emergency. The court also determined there were triable issues of fact concerning a 1983 action against one of the city employees based upon her alleged “deliberate indifference” to decedent’s “serious medical needs.” The court noted that the 1983 action against the city, alleging deliberate indifference, was properly dismissed:
Dozens of eyewitnesses provided conflicting accounts regarding, among other things, the timing of the officers’ calls for medical assistance, and whether resuscitative efforts undertaken before medical personnel arrived were performed by the officers or whether other inmates took such measures in the face of inaction by the officers. Plaintiffs’ expert affirmation raised triable issues of fact as to the adequacy of the officers’ response and the soundness of defendants’ expert’s opinions. The City’s reliance on governmental immunity is unavailing, since there are triable issues of fact as to whether the death was caused in part by a negligent failure to comply with mandatory rules and regulations of the New York City Department of Corrections (DOC), requiring, among other things, that correction officers respond immediately in a medical emergency, and that officers who are trained and certified in CPR administer CPR where appropriate … .
The court correctly dismissed the § 1983 claim against the City. … There is … no evidence of a “policy or custom” evincing deliberate indifference to the rights of inmates … . “Deliberate indifference is a stringent standard of fault, requiring proof that a municipal actor disregarded a known or obvious consequence of his action” … . “Without notice that a course of training is deficient in a particular respect, decisionmakers can hardly be said to have deliberately chosen a training program that will cause violations of constitutional rights” … . Luckey v City of New York, 2014 NY Slip Op 05697, 1st Dept 8-7-14