The Second Department, reversing (modifying) Supreme Court, determined the zoning board did not consider all the statutory factors before rejecting Ressa-Cibants’ request for variances for new construction:
In determining whether to grant an area variance, a village zoning board must weigh the benefit to the applicant against the detriment to the health, safety, and welfare of the neighborhood or community (see Village Law § 7-712-b[b] …). In making that determination, the board must consider: “(1) whether an undesirable change will be produced in the character of the neighborhood or a detriment to nearby properties will be created by the granting of the area variance; (2) whether the benefit sought by the applicant can be achieved by some method, feasible for the applicant to pursue, other than an area variance; (3) whether the requested area variance is substantial; (4) whether the proposed variance will have an adverse effect or impact on the physical or environmental conditions in the neighborhood or district; and (5) whether the alleged difficulty was self-created; which consideration shall be relevant to the decision of the board of appeals, but shall not necessarily preclude the granting of the area variance” (Village Law § 7-712-b[b] … ).
Here, the record does not reflect that the Board weighed the benefit to Ressa-Cibants against the detriment to the health, safety, and welfare of the neighborhood by considering the five factors enumerated in the Village Law § 7-712-b(3)(b) … . In particular, the Board’s determinations do not reflect that the Board considered whether there was no feasible method to achieve the benefit sought by Ressa-Cibants without height and coverage area variances. Matter of Pangbourne v Thomsen, 2019 NY Slip Op 06159, Second Dept 8-21-19